Evaluates if NFIP construction standards for the 1% flood are adequate and cost effective. Cost estimates for new construction adding 4 ft of freeboard increases the cost by 1-2% of the at-BFE building for pile or pasonry foundations, 3-6% of a masonry wall with interior pier (crawlspace), and 3-11% for fill foundation types. Findings show that it is cost effective, with specific construction costs and BCRs varying by location. Needs further review.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Jones, C. P., Coulbourne, W. L., Marshall, J., & Rogers JR, S. M. (2006). Evaluation of the National Flood Insurance Program's Building Standards. American Institute for Research.